At Yorktown, Virginia, representatives of British commander Lord Cornwallis hand over Cornwallis' sword and formally surrender to George Washington and the comte de Rochambeau.
Kronstadt is St. Petersburg's main seaport.
Nicholas I sends Yevfimy Putyatin to Japan in this expedition for trade negotiations. Putyatin leads a squadron of four ships including the Russian frigate Pallada. They arrive in Nagasaki on August 12, 1853.
The Imperial Japanese Navy attacks the US Pacific Fleet and its defending Army Air Forces and Marine air forces at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
The date of the Pearl Harbor Attack, December 7, 1941, was in a sense planned according to the date of the visit of Townsend Harris on December 7, 1857.