August 13 ⇒Back
August 13 ⇒Back
1521 - ★Tenochtitlan falls to conquistador Hernan Cortes (Mexico City).
1685 - ◆The first edict to protect animals, particularly dogs, is issued.
It is issued by the fifth shogun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi.
A collection of edicts are frequently released and are called the Edicts on Compassion for Living Things (Shorui awaremi no rei). It is said that Tsunayoshi was born in the Year of the Dog and that he thought he should take several measures concerning dogs. In fact he learned Confucianism in his childhood.
These rules for the living were rescinded after the shogun's death on March 1, 1709, as being too strict and unreasonable.
1876 - ◆The Bayreuth Festival is inaugurated. (timeline)
1926 - ◆(birth) Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary and politician.
1946 - ◆(birth) Janet Yellen, FED Chair. (timeline) (JD Timeline)
The day is the 70th anniversary of the Bayreuth Festival (August 13, 1876).
The day is July 17 in the Japanese calendar and is the 100th anniversary of the birth of shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan Tokugawa Iemochi (July 17, 1846 in the Japanese calendar).
1985 - ◆The Sanko Steamship Company declares bankruptcy.
The Sanko Steamship Company was founded in 1934. Its operating area was the western Pacific Ocean around Japan, the Korean Peninsula and China. Its aggressive business expansion in the 1960s made the company one of the largest shipping companies in the world.
Although the bankruptcy was the largest at taht time in Japan, media coverage was small due to a devastating airplane crash accident which had occurred the previous day on August 12, 1985.
Toshio Komoto, the former president of the company and its largest stockholder, resigned from the cabinet the same day.
The day was the 300th anniversary of the first edict to protect animals (August 13, 1685).
2007 - ★An intercity passenger train derails after a bomb explosion (Ruusia).