The British First Fleet, led by Arthur Phillip, sails into Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour) to establish Sydney, the first permanent European settlement in Australia. Commemorated as Australia Day.
The day is December 21, 1923 in the Japanese calendar and is the 44th anniversary of the birth of Stalin (December 21, 1879).
Princess Nagako becomes Empress Kojun.
Rajendra Prasad is sworn in as its first President of India. Observed as Republic Day in India.
U.S. President Bill Clinton denies having had "sexual relations" with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky (on American television).
MacArthur evacuates to Australia in the Battle of the Philippines.
Wulff faces the prospect of prosecution for allegations of corruption relating to his prior service as Prime Minister of Lower Saxony.